Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
The Prophetic hadith related to this is in both Bukhari and Muslim: the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ďName yourselves with my name, but do not use my kunya.Ē
This prohibition is understood by the Hanafi scholars to be specific to the life of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), because of the possible confusion entailed by someone having the same title as the Prophet (i.e. Abuíl Qasim).
Given that this confusion would not exist after his life, there is nothing wrong with someone having both the same name and kunya as the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).
A proof of this is that Sayyiduna Ali (Allah be pleased with him) gave his son Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyya the kunya ĎAbuíl Qasim.í [Fatawa Hindiyya, 5.362, quoting the Fatawa Sirajiyya; also: al-Tatarkhaniyya, al-Durr al-Mukhtar, and Ibn Abidinís Radd al-Muhtar]
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