Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
1 & 2. It is not permissible.
Is music permissible in dhikrs, for example those done by the Mevlevi tariqa ... also I was told by Hanafis (I do not know their qualifications) who follow the Qadari tariqa that the accordion (I don't know if that is the correct spelling) was used by Shaykh 'Abd ul-Qadir Jilani himself, and so these people listen to music involving the accordion in their dhikrs.
The relied upon position in the Hanafi school, as well as the other 3 madhhabs, is that musical instruments (besides the daff) are impermissible. While there is some difference of opinion, including that of some notable fuqaha, one should remain within what is relied upon.
Even those who permitted instruments, did so with very strict conditions, rarely met by "sufis" of our times, let alone others.
However, given the difference of opinion, we cannot condemn those who use instruments in their dhikrs, as long as there is no other munkar involved.
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